It’s Just A Game?

We all know kids love video games but how effective are they? A study of 88 second graders that were divided into 3 groups to determine the effectiveness of on line games. One group was to play a game for a 3 week period, while another group had to solve similar math exercises on paper, and the last group had no assignment. The students were given an electronic test before and after the test period. The results showed  the students that played the games had a 6% increase in scores, the students that did the paper exercises had a 4% increase in scores, and the group that had no assignment had a 2% increase. In addition, the group that played the games as well as the group that did the paper exercises solved the test 30% faster than the first time, while the group with no assignment was only 10% faster. A parent survey showed that students that played the interactive game described the activity as “fun, exciting, and fantastic” 80% more often than the paper exercise and 60% of them wanted to play more.

This study supports the importance and effectiveness of our own Summer Math Challenge and other resources that are provided on the website. If we can find interactive games that “hook” students we can improve math skills and maybe change the way some students view math. Visit our page to view the free resources we have available for all students.

AERA Emergent Reader Symposium, 2013

During the 2013 American Educational Research Association (AERA) Annual Meeting in San Francisco, California, a team of MetaMetrics® researchers along with colleagues from other institutions presented the results of a two-year emergent reader text-complexity study.

Here’s a summary of the research and the implications:

  • The research was achieved by having young students read texts and also by having teachers gauge the texts’ complexity.


  •  As a result of the emergent reader research, the Lexile® scale was enhanced; now any early-grades text can be placed on the Lexile text-complexity scale.


  • The enhanced Analyzer incorporates several text-complexity indicators, including word structure demand, word meaning demand, sentence-level characteristics, and cross-sentence features that model patterning and repetition found in many emergent texts.

What makes the Lexile scale so unique in the field is the degree to which it uses empirical data from students and educators in determining the text complexity of early grades. In comparison, most other text-complexity measures are derived solely from text analysis.

The study was completed by a team from MetaMetrics comprised of; Dr. Heather Koons, Director, Consulting and Development Services and The University of North Carolina Clinical Assistant Professor, Dr. Kim Bowen, Lexile Research Associate, Dr. Jill Fitzgerald, Distinguished Research Scientist and The University of North Carolina Emerita and Research Professor, Mr. Jeff Elmore, Research Engineer, Dr. Mary Ann Simpson, Sr. Psychometrician, Dr. Robin Baker, Director Analytical Services, Dr. Ellie E. Sanford-Moore, SVP Research and Development and Dr. A. Jackson Stenner, Chairman, CEO and Co-founder and The University of North Carolina Research Professor.

The team was joined by Dr. Elfrieda Hiebert, President and CEO of and Amy Clark, Graduate Research Assistant at Kansas University. Dr. P. David Pearson was a discussant at the AERA presentation.

The emergent reader work will be incorporated into the Lexile® Analyzer this fall.

The Peril of Math Anxiety

The March issue of Teaching Children Mathematics cited a recent study from Stanford University School of Medicine showing, for the first time, how brain function differs in people who have math anxiety from those that do not. The 2012 study involving second and third grade students that showed signs of math anxiety while they were performing addition and subtraction problems. The study found that the part of a student’s brain that was responsible for mathematical reasoning was less active while the portion of the brain associated with negative emotions was more active. “Until Young and colleagues did this study, no empirical research substantiated the claim that math anxiety can stand in the way of young children’s success in completing problem solving and mathematical reasoning task.” 

Even back in 2000 Vanessa Stuart author of “Math Curse or Anxiety” gave her fifth grade students a survey and found that that her students’ anxiety toward math stemmed from a lack of self-confidence of their mathematical abilities. She knew she needed to raise their self-confidence while teaching them math. She found using journal writing, collaborative group work, as well as other strategies helped. She had groups work on problem solving and encouraged students to share solutions with one another. Students helped one another see a variety of ways to solve problems. They became more willing to take risk and share ideas through journal writing. They also shared frustrations and she was able to reply back in the journals without embarrassing her students.

Teachers have been aware of the importance of supporting students’ self-confidence involving math. Now, the results of this study highlight the importance of assessing math anxiety in young children because of its impact on their ability to be successful in mathematical reasoning and problem-solving.

MetaMetrics is an educational measurement organization. Our renowned psychometric team develops scientific measures of student achievement that link assessment with targeted instruction to improve learning.