A brand new school year is here, offering teachers, students, and parents the opportunity for a fresh and positive outlook for the coming months in the classroom. In the article Starting the School Year Right in the August edition of The School Administrator, Thomas R. Guskey emphasizes that the first two weeks of school are critical for students and parents to feel good about what the students know and what is possible to achieve in the coming months.
Many teachers try to formally or informally assess the ability level of students at the beginning of the school year. But Guskey cautions that the first assessments need to “help students experience successful learning” during the first two weeks of the year. It may be important for the educator to firmly establish what students know rather than what they don’t know.
Guskey’s right. Educators can help put students at ease early in the year by ensuring that the material they receive is at or near their ability level. With regards to reading, many students across the United States are assessed in the spring and many states report Lexile measures as an indication of a student’s reading level. The student Lexile measure allows educators to match students to targeted material, a useful way to develop student confidence and promote motivation.
Because reading levels in a single classroom vary considerably, teachers would be well-advised to differentiate material so that students are able understand the text and experience success. The Lexile Framework for Reading offers tools to measure text as well as ‘Find a Book’ tool, which provides the Lexile measures of trade books and textbooks in all kinds of categories and genres. Matching the text measure to a student Lexile measure can be a strong asset for helping struggling readers be successful.
Similar to the Lexile scale, the Quantile Framework for Mathematics utilizes a scale that places the math level of students and the difficulty of the math skills and concepts on the same scale. The Quantile measure for specific mathematics skills and concepts can be found at the Quantile website where the topics are aligned to state standards as well as to the Common Core State Standards.
When student Quantile measures are available from state assessments or other products aligned to the Quantile Framework, then targeting student needs in the mathematics classroom becomes much more manageable, allowing content to be tailored to the student ability level as well.
Dr. Guskey offers numerous suggestions for facilitating positive experiences for students. Critical stakeholders include not only students and teachers, but also parents and administrators. This community of supporters has a strong influence over the long-term success of our children. We often speak of differentiating instruction to meet the needs of our students. But differentiating can mean